It could be said that this is the most important question that each one of us needs to resolve in our lifetime. Many would say that Jesus was simply a good man, whilst the Watchtower teach that he was really the archangel Michael. The conclusion we come to, and the action we take as a result, will radically and forever affect our future in eternity when we leave this life. It could perhaps be viewed as an understatement to say that we need to get it right.
Before we look at the Scriptures, the source of all our information, it has to be said that to understand the mind of God on any issue or subject, we need to hold all the related scriptures together in balance as it were, before us. This cannot be stressed enough. It’s only by doing this can we expect to come to a true and complete understanding.
There can be few subjects in the Scriptures where it is so important to do this, than when we are considering the question of who is Jesus.
Looking carefully at the Bible then, it soon becomes apparent that there are what appears to be two sets of seemingly opposing Scriptures.
1) Those that speak of the humanity of Jesus, showing us He was completely a man in every respect apart from the sinful nature that every one of us has inherited.
For example: –
John 14:28 …. “My Father is greater than I”
John 8:28 … “I do nothing of myself”
Luke 2:51 subject to his parents
Phil. 2:6 to 8 being like us in appearance and taking the form of a bondservant.
Matthew 27:46 and other verses where Jesus in His perfect human nature addresses His Father as my God.
2) Those that ascribe to Jesus the attributes of deity, titles and rights belonging only to God Himself for example: –
Is God the Word. John 1:1.
Is Eternal. Isa. 9:6. Mic.5:2. John 1:1. Col. 1:17. Heb. 1:8-10. Rev. 1:8.
Is entitled to equal honour with the Father. John 5:23.
Is possessed of the fullness of the Godhead. Col. 2:9.
Is the Mighty God. Isa. 9:6. with Isa. 10:21
Is Jehovah. The First and the Last. Isa. 44: 6. with Rev. 1:17. Isa. 48:12 to 16 with Rev. 22: 13.
Are we faced with a dilemma here? No. If we claim that the Bible is the Word of God then we have to believe it all, and hold it all in balance, allowing Scripture to throw light on other Scripture.
If for whatever reason we only want to accept verses relating to the humanity of Jesus, then we are faced with the impossible task of trying to explain away the great weight of Scripture (see below), which speaks of the divinity of Jesus.
The Scriptures therefore reveal to us both the humanity and the divinity of Jesus.
What we need to understand is that in the wisdom of God, the verses or passages categorised in (1) demonstrate to us that Jesus the divine Son of God, took upon Himself completely the nature of man.
In the purposes of God there was no other way to make atonement for our sins, and bring us into a new and living relationship with Him, than to be like us in every way except for our sinful nature. This cannot be emphasised enough.
This is clearly shown to us in the many verses where we see that Jesus had fully taken upon Himself the weakness of human flesh and as a result was completely reliant upon His Father.
There are however those who are unwilling to accept this and use these verses to try to disprove the Deity of Christ.
Unfortunately Jehovah’s Witnesses appear to me to fall into this category, in requiring their followers to believe that Jesus is a created being, the archangel Michael.
Whilst this may appear at first sight to some to be an interesting or even a plausible theory, it quickly becomes a non starter upon closer investigation.
There is no verse in Scripture which says that Michael is Jesus Christ. The Watchtower claim is based on making assumptions, firstly, from from the references to the archangel Michael in the book of Daniel.
Michael here is described as one of the foremost princes and therefore not unique, which could not be a description of Jesus who is described elsewhere as King of kings and Lord of lords (Rev. 17:14). Additionally, in Heb. 1:6 the angels are commanded to worship Jesus when the worship of angels as created beings is not allowed.
Secondly, it is claimed that the verse in Thessalonians 4:16 which speaks of the voice of the archangel at Jesus coming, shows that Jesus the coming one is actually the archangel Michael himself. This assumption clearly is false because Zechariah 14:5& 6 tells us, if any confirmation was needed, that it is Jehovah God who will come with all the holy ones with Him.
It is vital for our present relationship with God and our future in eternity that we understand who Jesus is. Are we looking at Him simply as a man, or as a superior kind of angel – a created being?
Or have we responded to Him as the divine Son of God; one with God the Father; and as has been written elsewhere – very God of very God, begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father?
We need to take seriously the words of Jesus spoken during His time here upon earth, and which apply very much to us today.
.…”for if you believe not that I am He, you will die in your sins”.
Jesus is God – One with the Father
One with God and spoken of as God
The First and the Last. Isa. 44:6. with Rev. 1:17. Isa. 48:12 with Rev. 22:13.
Both “I AM” Exodus 3:14 with John 8:58
Saviour. Isaiah 43:11 Isaiah 45:15 Isaiah 60:16 with 1Tim 2:3 John 4:42 Phil 3:20
For whose glory all things were created. Prov. 16:4. with Col. 1:16.
Called upon as Jehovah. Joel 2.32. with 1 Cor. 1:2
The eternal God and Creator. Ps.102. 24-27, with Heb. 1:8, 10-12.
Owner of all things, equally with the Father. John 16:15.
Jehovah of hosts. Isa. 6: 1-3, with John 12: 41. Isa. 8:13-14, with 1 Pet. 2:8.
The Great God and Saviour. Hos. 1:7, with Titus 2:13.
Jesus God over all. Rom. 9:5.
Creator of all things. Isa. 40:28. Neh. 9:6 John 1:3 Col. 1:16.
Supporter and Preserver of all things. Neh. 9:6, with Col. 1:17. Heb. 1:3.
Alpha and Omega Rev. 1:8 with Rev. 22: 12-13
The Mighty God. Isa. 9:6. With Isa. 10:21
Almighty God Gen. 17:1 with Rev.1:8 & Rev. 22:12-13 and Rev. 22: 20
Our Righteousness Jer. 23:5- 6, with 1 Cor. 1:30.
Jehovah. Isa. 40:3, with Matt. 3:3.
The Shepherd Isa. 40:10 -11 Heb. 13:20.
Above all. Ps. 97:9 with John 3: 31
Of glory. Ps. 24:7, 10, with 1 Cor. 2:8. and Jas. 2:1.
God, the Judge. Psalm 96:13 Heb. 12:23 with 2 Tim. 4: 1 &8.
Isaiah saw Jehovah Isaiah 6:10 with John 12:41
Jehovah of David. Ps. 110:1 with Matt. 22:42-46.
The true God. Jer. 10:10 with 1 John 5:20.
Eternal. Isa. 9:6 Mic. 5:2 John 1:1 Heb 7:3
Unsearchable, equally with the Father. Prov. 30:4 Matt. ll:27.
The Holy One. 1 Sam. 2:2 with Acts 3:14.
John the Baptist prepares the way for Jehovah Isaiah 40:3 with Mark 1:1- 4.
Discerning the thoughts of the heart. 1 Kings 8:39, with Luke 5:22. Ezek. ll:5 with John 2:24, 25 Rev: 2.23.
Unchangeable. Mal. 3:6, with Heb.1:12, Heb. 13:8.
A stone of stumbling to Israel Isaiah 8:14 with 1 Peter 2:6-8
Giver of pastors to the Church. Jer. 3:15, with Eph. 4:11-13.
Husband of the Church. Isa. 54:5, with Eph. 5:25-32. Isa. 62:5 with Rev. 21: 2, 9.
Jehovah’s glory not to be shared. Isaiah 42:8 with John 17:5
Father. Matthew 6:9 with Isaiah 9:6
Rock. Deut. 32:4 with 1 Cor. 10:4
Everlasting throne. Psalm 45:6 with Hebrews 1:8
With endless Kingdom. Psalm 146:10 with 2Peter 1:11
Pierced. Zech 12:10 Rev. 1:7
Valued at 30 pieces of silver. Zech. 11:12 with Matt. 26:14 to 16 Matt. 27:2 to 7
Jehovah’s voice like sound of many waters Ezek. 43:2 with Rev. 1:15
Jesus entitled to the same honour as The Father. John 5:22,23
His blood is called the blood of God. Acts 20: 28.
God the Word. John 1. 1.
Possessed of the fullness of the Godhead. Col. 2: 9.
Worship given to Jesus Matt. 8:2 Luke 24:52 Matt. 14:33 Matt. 28:9 Matt. 28:17
Raising the dead. John 5: 21. John 6: 40, 54.
Raising himself from the dead. John 2:19, 21. John 10:18.
Having the power to forgive sins. Psalm 103:2 to 3 Col. 3:13, with Mark 2:7, 10.
Lord of all. Acts 10. 36. Rom.10: 11 – 13
Acknowledged by his Apostles. John 20:28.
The object of divine worship. Acts 7:59 2 Cor. 12:8- 9 Heb: 1:6. Rev. 5:12
As God, He redeems and purifies the Church to Himself. Rev. 5:9. with Titus 2:14.
As God, He presents the Church to Himself. Eph. 5:27 with Jude 24:25.
Emmanuel. Isa. 7:14, with Matt. 1:23
The Lord from heaven. 1 Cor. 15:47.
Saints live unto Him as God. Rom. 6:11, and Gal. 2:19 with 2 Cor. 5:15.
One with the Father. John 10:30, 38. John 12:45. John 14:7-10. John 17:10 John 5:18
The Only-begotten Son of the Father. John 1:14, 18. John 3:16, 18. 1 John 4:9.
Omnipresent. Matt 18:20. Matt. 28:20. John 3:13.
Omniscient. John 16:30. John 21:17.