I have noticed that a couple of comments from the post today are asking specifically about chapter 4 of the “What does the Bible really teach manual”. My friend Lesley Mitchell has sent me this article she put together a while ago looking at the Jehovah’s Witness belief that Jesus is actually Michael the Archangel. This looks at chapter 4 and the issue as a whole, we will still be reviewing this article sometime next month, I hope this helps in the meantime.
What Jehovah’s Witnesses believe about angels:
According to chapter 10 in the publication “What Does the Bible Really Teach?” Satan the Devil was a created angel, a spirit creature. On pages 28-29 we are told that since all of Jehovah’s creations are perfect, then this powerful angel, or invisible spirit creature, was not created bad. There was a time when he was good. But a wrong desire built up in heart and he turned against Jehovah – he became a slanderer and a deceiver.
Back to chapter 10, and on page 96 we are reminded that angels are called “sons of God”, and hundreds of millions of angels were created, and all of them are powerful. Pages 98 -100 explain how, in Noah’s days, other angels rebelled against Jehovah and put themselves on the side of the Devil, who became the ruler of the demons. Bottom line is that created angels, “sons of God,” have the ability to rebel and to sin. This Satan was the first to turn against Jehovah.
Now go to pages 41-42 in chapter 4 (Who Is Jesus?) and pages 218-219 in the appendix: Who is Michael the Archangel?
Question: Since Jehovah’s Witnesses claim Jesus is also a created angel (Michael the archangel), the “son of God,” and that Jesus the man, although born perfect, could have sinned, why did God entrust the divine plan of salvation to an angel who could have failed? Just because an angel, a “son of God,” starts out good, doesn’t mean to say it can’t turn bad.
I think we can all agree that angels are created. That is why they are referred to as “sons of God.” But who, or what, is the Son of God? Why, he is Jesus, the Christ, the Messiah, the Son of Man! Was Jesus also a created angel, as the Witnesses believe? They claim that Jehovah created Jesus as Michael, the archangel. They take the expression “only begotten” in John 3:16 to mean that Jesus was created by Jehovah. But is that what the original Greek means?
The phrase “only begotten” translates the Greek word monogenes. This word is variously translated into English as “only,” “one and only,” and “only begotten.” False teachers have latched onto this phrase to try to prove their false teaching that Jesus Christ isn’t God; i.e., that Jesus isn’t equal in essence to God as the Second Person of the Trinity. They see the word “begotten” and say that Jesus is a created being because only someone who had a beginning in time can be “begotten.” What this fails to note is that “begotten” is an English translation of a Greek word. As such, we have to look at the original meaning of the Greek word, not transfer English meanings into the text.
So what does monogenes mean? According to the Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature (BAGD, 3rd Edition), monogenes has two primary definitions. The first definition is “pertaining to being the only one of its kind within a specific relationship.” This is the meaning attached to its use in Hebrews 11:17 when the writer refers to Isaac as Abraham’s “only begotten son.” Abraham had more than one son, but Isaac was the only son he had by Sarah and the only son of the covenant.
The second definition is “pertaining to being the only one of its kind or class, unique in kind.” This is the meaning that is implied in John 3:16. In fact, John is the only New Testament writer who uses this word in reference to Jesus (see John 1:14, 18; 3:16, 18; 1 John 4:9). John was primarily concerned with demonstrating that Jesus was the Son of God (John 20:31), and he uses this word to highlight Jesus as uniquely God’s Son—sharing the same divine nature as God—as opposed to believers who are God’s sons and daughters through faith.
How the NWT has added to the word of God to suggest Jesus was created by Jehovah: Colossians 1:15-17: KJV – “For by him [Christ Jesus] were all things created… all things were created by him.” NWT – “For by means of him all other things were created… All other things have been created through him.” The word “other” is inserted 4 times. It is not in the original Greek, nor is it implied. This is a section where Jesus is described as being the creator of all things. Because Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that Jesus is created, they have inserted the word “other” to show that Jesus was before all “other” things, implying that He is created. There are two Greek words for “other”: ‘heteros’, and ‘allos’. The first means another of a different kind, and the second means another of the same kind. Neither is used at all in this section of scripture. The Jehovah’s Witness have changed the Bible to make it fit their aberrant theology.
Can an Archangel forgive sins or share in God’s glory? Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that Jesus was created as Michael the Archangel, but the Bible tells us that only God has the power to forgive sins and God will not share his glory with another. Mark 2:7 – “Who can forgive sins but God alone?” Isaiah 42:8 – “I will not give my glory to another.”
Watchtower article: http://www.watchtower.org/e/bh/appendix_11.htm
NWT: Hebrews 1:5-6 “For example, to which one of the angels did he ever say: “You are my son; I, today, I have become your father”? And again: “I myself shall become his father, and he himself will become my son”? But when he again brings his Firstborn into the inhabited earth, he says: “And let all God’s angels do obeisance to him.” John 10:30: “I and the Father are one.”
It is theologically impossible for Michael the Archangel to be Jesus because that would mean an angel died for mankind’s sins, which would be a futile gesture. Only God incarnate could, himself, pay the price that his perfect justice demanded. The Judge becomes the accused in order to redeem all who are accused, taking their punishment so that they need not be punished. Only divine love and mercy could combine so perfectly with divine justice to deal with our sin and open up heaven to us. No angel could become a perfect human sacrifice for sin because those angels who took on human form (pre-flood) forsook their God-given estate to do that. They incurred God’s judgment for taking on human form. They joined Satan’s ranks by so doing. Never, after that falling away, could any angel become flesh. John 1:14: “The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.” Jesus is the Word, not Michael an archangel.
This is what the Bible tells us about Jesus Christ, the Son of God and Son of Man: Isaiah 9:6 says Jesus is Wonderful Counsellor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Revelation 22:12-13 says Jesus is Alpha and Omega, First and the Last, the Beginning and the End. Revelation 17:14 says Jesus is Lord of lords and King of kings. Revelation 19:16 says Jesus is LORD OF LORDS AND KING OF KINGS. 2 Peter 1:1 says Jesus is God and Saviour. Titus 2:13 says Jesus is God and Saviour. Acts 3:14 says Jesus is The Holy and Righteous One. Revelation 2:23 says Jesus can search hearts and minds. Mark 2:10 says the Son of Man had authority on earth to forgive sins. John 5:21-22 says the Son gives life and judges everyone. Luke 24:46-47 says the Christ can grant repentance and forgiveness of sins. Hebrews 1:4 says that the Son is superior to the angels.
Revelation 5 describes ten thousand times ten thousand angels worshipping the Lamb, who was slain and is worthy to receive power and wealth and wisdom and strength and honour and glory and praise. Michael the archangel will be there, worshipping Christ Jesus.